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  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard. (来源:www.EnglishCN.com)

  29. What does education mean in England?

  30. Among what kind of people are football games very popular?

  31. To strangers who come to England, what is the most surprising thing about football there?

  Passage Three

  Today we’ll examine the role that private transportation—namely, the automobile—plays in city planning.

  A number of sociologists blame the automobile for the decline of the downtown areas of major cities. In the 1950’s and 1960’s the automobile made it possible to work in the city and yet live in the suburbs many miles away. Shopping patterns changed; instead of patronizing downtown stores, people in the suburbs went to large shopping malls outside the city and closer to the home. Merchants in the city failed, and their stores closed.

  Downtown shopping areas became deserted. In recent years there’s been a rebirth of the downtown area, as many suburbanites have moved back to the city. They’ve done this, of course, to avoid highways clogged with commuters from the suburbs. I’ve chosen this particular city planning problem—our dependence on private transportation—to discuss in groups. I’m hoping you all will come up with some innovative solutions. Oh, and don’t approach the problem from a purely sociological perspective; try to take into account environmental and economic issues as well.

  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  32. How did the automobile affect the work force in the 1950’s and 1960’s?

  33. What problem did downtown city merchants face in the 1960’s ?

  34. According to the speaker, why are some people moving back to the city ?

  35. What assignment does the professor give the discussion groups ?

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  There are many forms of fighting bare-fisted. Both wrestling and boxing were probably started in(36)ancient Greece and Rome although modern boxing is(37)believed to have started in England.

  Other fighting skills were (38)developed for defense against strong enemies. One story (39)goes that long ago some people of South India (40)practiced a form of fighting that required more skill than strength. They made use of strength and the (41)careless movements of the enemies to defeat them. In this way an (42)expert with nothing in hand could (43)easily defeat several enemies with spears in hand.

  (44)It is said that this kind of fighting skill was first introduced to Shaolin Temple in Henan Province in China. After studying and copying the fighting movements of certain animals these people in the temple made great improvement on the Indian’s skill. In each country some changes were made. (45)As a result, there are now lots of different fighting skills and techniques like the Chinese Taiji Quan, the Japanese judo and many others.

  Today, the system of fighting bare-fisted in Asia has spread out over the world. (46)Fortunately, only a few people, like members of the police force and the army use this skill to fight their enemies when necessary. Most of these skills are now sports and people do them just for fun.

参考答案

  Part III Listening Comprehension

  Section A

  11-15 BCCAD 16-20 CBACA 21-25 ACBCD

  Section B

  26-30 ABABA 31-35 DCBCA

  Section C

  36. ancient 37. believed 38. developed

  39. goes 40. practiced 41. careless

  42. expert43. easily

  44. It is said that this kind of fighting skill was first introduced to Shaolin Temple in Henan Province in China

  45. As a result, there are now lots of different fighting skills and techniques like the Chinese Taiji Quan

  46. Fortunately, only a few people, like members of the police force and the army use this skill to fight their enemies when necessary

 
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